The ones found in Europe and North America appear to have various styles but most are built on Western architectural designs, some are former churches or other buildings that were used by non-Muslims. The Persians had inherited a rich architectural legacy from the earlier Persian dynasties, and they began incorporating elements from earlier Parthian and Sassanid designs into their mosques, influenced by buildings such as the Palace of Ardashir and the Sarvestan Palace. word mosque comes from the word mosquito and attribute it to Queen Isabella and  The Abbasid caliph al-Ma'mun turned many churches into mosques. Your favorites list is empty. In the qiblah wall, usually at its center, is the mihrab, a niche or depression indicating the direction of Mecca. Spanish mesquita.. The masjid jāmiʿ (Arabic: مَسْجِد جَامِع), a central mosque, can play a role in religious activities such as teaching the Quran and educating future imams. Similar rules apply to mosques in Malaysia, where larger mosques that are also tourist attractions (such as the Masjid Negara) provide robes and headscarves for visitors who are deemed inappropriately attired. , Arab-plan or hypostyle mosques are the earliest type of mosques, pioneered under the Umayyad Dynasty.  The residents of Weizhou alarmed each other through social media and finally stopped the mosque destruction by public demonstrations. , Usually opposite the entrance to the prayer hall is the qiblah wall, the visually emphasized area inside the prayer hall. Edogawa Islam Bunka Center: Edogawa, Tokyo: Quba Masjid (Japan) Tatebayashi, Gunma: 2004 ICOJ Abu Bakar Siddique Mosque: Mito, Ibaraki: 2007 ICOJ See also. , However, there are also many other places in the West as well as the Islamic world where non-Muslims are welcome to enter mosques. In the West mosques are integral parts of Islamic centers that also … Although there are sections exclusively for women and children, the Grand Mosque in Mecca is desegregated.  Nevertheless, women prayer leaders are allowed to lead prayer in front of all-female congregations. The reason for this is that during worship nothing should distract them from focusing on God.  Mosques typically have segregated spaces for men and women. their homes. Arab-plan mosques were constructed mostly under the Umayyad and Abbasid dynasties; subsequently, however, the simplicity of the Arab plan limited the opportunities for further development, the mosques consequently losing popularity.. Survey was only conducted in the southern five provinces. Vienna has a large permanent population which practices the Islamic faith (the 2001 statistics placed it second behind Roman Catholicism) and, of course, there are many business and tourist visitors to the city who are also looking for a mosque or prayer room. Like the Imam Husayn Shrine, though, nothing of its original structure remains. i really like it. Mosque of Ahmad Ibn Tulun, Cairo, Egypt, 9th century. In part, this was a practical matter as the traditional posture for prayer – kneeling on the floor, head to the ground – made mixed-gender prayer uncomfortably revealing for many women and distracting for some men. Mosques have also been converted for use by other religions, notably in southern Spain, following the conquest of the Moors in 1492.  Â There are usually  Any act of worship that follows the Islamic rules of prayer can be said to create a mosque, whether or not it takes place in a special building. The Arabic word masjid means “a place of prostration” to God, and the same word is used in Persian, Urdu, and Turkish. You will receive a new password shortly. http://www.etymonline.com/m8etym.htm. area. With few exceptions, mosques in the Arabian Peninsula as well as Morocco do not allow entry to non-Muslims. five daily prayers. However, traditional rules have segregated women and men. The Scientific Miracles of the Holy Quran, The Scientific Miracles of the Prophet Muhammad Sayings, Muhammad in the Bible and Other Scriptures, The Authenticity and Preservation of the Holy Quran, What Others Say about Islam, Muhammad, and the Quran, The Six Pillars of Faith and Other Islamic Beliefs, The Five Pillars of Islam and Other Acts of Worship, Pilgrimage (Hajj): The Fifth Pillar of Islam, What is Islam?  Some mosques have multiple, often smaller, domes in addition to the main large dome that resides at the center. The domes, often placed directly above the main prayer hall, may signify the vaults of the heaven and sky. המאמר / הסרטון שביקשת אינו קיים עדיין. , There are two holidays (Eids) in the Islamic calendar: ʿĪd al-Fiṭr and ʿĪd al-Aḍḥā, during which there are special prayers held at mosques in the morning. Also the postures during prayer in Islam mean that it makes sense for men and women not to pray together so that everyone can stay focused on God.  The Mosque of Amr ibn al-As was reportedly the first mosque in Egypt, serving as a religious and social center for Fustat (present-day Cairo) during its prime.  The Persians also introduced Persian gardens into mosque designs. Mosques are also known as Islamic centers, Islamic community centers or Muslim community centers. , Since 2017, Chinese authorities have destroyed or damaged two-thirds of the mosques in China's Xinjiang province. The article/video you have requested doesn't exist yet. However, mosque bombings have not been exclusive to Iraq; in June 2005, a suicide bomber killed at least 19 people at an Afghan Shia mosque near Jade Maivand. There are never any images of life or statues in mosques, The article/video you have requested doesn't exist yet.  An imam appointed to lead Friday prayers may also lead at the five daily prayers; Muslim scholars agree to the leader appointed for five daily services may lead the Friday service as well. , Often, a limited part of the prayer hall is sanctified formally as a masjid in the sharia sense (although the term masjid is also used for the larger mosque complex as well). In many countries like Singapore where Muslims are not the majority, mosques are prohibited from loudly broadcasting the Adhān (Arabic: أَذَان, Call to Prayer), although it is supposed to be said loudly to the surrounding community. to Accept. Any act of worship that follows the Islamic rules of prayer can be said to create a mosque, whether or not it takes place in a special building. Truly the Pagans are unclean; so let them not, after this year of theirs, approach the Sacred Mosque. Many major European cities are home to mosques, like the Grand Mosque of Paris, that incorporate domes, minarets, and other features often found with mosques in Muslim-majority countries. , "Masjed" and "Musjid" redirect here.  In April 2006, two explosions occurred at India's Jama Masjid. Although domes normally took on the shape of a hemisphere, the Mughals in India popularized onion-shaped domes in South Asia which has gone on to become characteristic of the Arabic architectural style of dome. Mosques in South and Southeast Asia put men and women in separate rooms, as the divisions were built into them centuries ago. Nowadays, especially in Muslim countries mosques are found on nearly every street corner, making it a simple matter for Muslims to attend the five daily prayers. of a circular dome over a square room or an elliptical dome over a rectangular  This style was heavily influenced by Byzantine architecture with its use of large central domes. Masjid is the Arabic word for mosque.Â However, while the term mosque  They typically took the form of a square-shaped central courtyard with large entrances at each side, giving the impression of gateways to the spiritual world. Other common features include, minarets, tall towers Current structure covers an area of 400,800 square meters (99.0 acres), including outdo… , The process of turning churches into mosques were especially intensive in the villages where most of the inhabitants converted to Islam. Greater than forty percent of mosques in the United States were constructed after 2000. However, the Great Mosque of Xi'an, whose current building dates from the 18th century, does not replicate the features often associated with mosques elsewhere.  Special importance is accorded to the Great Mosque of Mecca (centre of the hajj), the Prophet's Mosque in Medina (burial place of Muhammad) and Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem (believed to be the site of Muhammad's ascent to heaven). Makhphil is completely used by men when Jumu'ah is practised (due to lack of space). May Allah reward you. Please enter your Username and e-mail address then click on the Send Password button. And if ye fear poverty, soon will Allah enrich you, if He wills, out of His bounty, for Allah is All-knowing, All-wise. Many people have incorrectly stated that the word The place of worship is called Ka’ba.  The mosque was also constructed with a large courtyard, a motif common among mosques built since then.  Increasing government regulation of large mosques has been countered by a rise of privately funded mosques of various affiliations and ideologies, many of which serve as bases for different Islamic revivalist currents and social activism. These mosques have square or rectangular plans with an enclosed courtyard (sahn) and covered prayer hall. Although prayers can be said privately, either indoors or outdoors, nearly every community of Muslims dedicates a space or building for congregational prayer. Muhammad told Muslims not to forbid women from entering mosques. Before a mutual solution could be devised, the mosque was destroyed on December 6, 1992 as the mosque was built by Babur allegedly on the site of a previous Hindu temple marking the birthplace of Rama.  Following the al-Askari Mosque bombing in Iraq, imams and other Islamic leaders used mosques and Friday prayers as vehicles to call for calm and peace in the midst of widespread violence. During the last ten days of Ramadan, larger mosques will host all-night programs to observe Laylat al-Qadr, the night Muslims believe that Muhammad first received Quranic revelations. A mosque (masjid in Arabic) is a place of worship in Islam.  Sometimes a special part of the mosque was railed off for women; for example, the governor of Mecca in 870 had ropes tied between the columns to make a separate place for women. Additionally, when compared to the general public looking at the attendance of religious services, young Muslim Americans attend the mosque at closer rates to older Muslim Americans.  Officials in the town said that the mosque had not been given proper building permits, because it is built in a Middle Eastern style and includes numerous domes and minarets. An estimated US$45 billion has been spent by the Saudi Arabian government financing mosques and Sunni Islamic schools in foreign countries. , A study 2005 indicated that while support for suicide bombings is not correlated with personal devotion to Islam among Palestinian Muslims, it is correlated with mosque attendance because "participating in communal religious rituals of any kind likely encourages support for self-sacrificing behaviors that are done for the collective good. The entire mosque was destroyed during the , Several of the early mosques in the Ottoman Empire were originally churches or cathedrals from the Byzantine Empire, with the Hagia Sophia (one of those converted cathedrals) informing the architecture of mosques from after the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople. Sample was taken from entire population of Yemen, which is approximately 99% Muslim.  their love for God and their desire to please Him. During Seljuq rule, as Islamic mysticism was on the rise, the four-iwan arrangement took form. Since the beginning of Islam the institution of mosque has been playing the central role in establishing, developing and flourishing Muslim communities. Women who pray in mosques are separated from men there. private bathroom and toilet facilities are provided.Â Originally simple Â However, the words mosque and mosquito , Modern mosques have a variety of amenities available to their congregants.  Similar attacks occurred throughout the United Kingdom following the 7 July 2005 London bombings. Vienna's Mosques and Islamic Prayer Rooms.  This desire for cleanliness extends to the prayer halls where shoes are disallowed to be worn anywhere other than the cloakroom. The mosque is also known as the greatest Mosque. are totally unrelated. During Ramadan, Muslims spend a lot of time at the masjid, or mosque, for special prayers and community events.  As time progressed, domes grew, from occupying a small part of the roof near the mihrab to encompassing the whole roof above the prayer hall. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution … The top of the minaret is always the highest point in mosques that have one, and often the highest point in the immediate area. Islamic glass coins from Old Sirte, currently on display in Assultan Museum. mosques are cool, serene havens.Â When a person enters a mosque he or she would  American mosques host voter registration and civic participation drives that promote involving Muslims, who are often first- or second-generation immigrants, in the political process. , The association of the mosque with education remained one of its main characteristics throughout history,[additional citation(s) needed] and the school became an indispensable appendage to the mosque. The ancient Sultan Mosque was discovered in the area of Sirte in 1963 and 1964. , 2010 Aerial view of the largest mosque in the world, The Sacred Mosque (Al-Masjid Al-Ḥarām) of Mecca in the Hejaz, present-day Saudi Arabia, with the Kaaba in the center, The Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem in the West Bank, Shaam, with the Dome of the Rock (Qubbat As-Sakhrah) to the left, and Al-Aqsa Mosque to the right, The Quba Mosque in Medina, Hejaz, Saudi Arabia, The Mosque of the Companions (Masjid As-Sahabah) in Massawa, Eritrea, Horn of Africa, Al-Masjid an-Nabawi (The Prophet's Mosque) in Medina, Masjid al-Qiblatayn (Mosque of the two Qiblahs) in Medina, Mosques had been built in Iraq and North Africa by the end of the 7th century, as Islam spread outside the Arabian Peninsula with early caliphates. While there are several rules, such as those regarding not allowing shoes in the prayer hall, that are universal, there are many other rules that are dealt with and enforced in a variety of ways from mosque to mosque. It was just a piece of land designated as sacred. It contains a lot of brief, yet informative articles about different aspects of Islam. , The late 20th century saw an increase in the number of mosques used for political purposes.  The pulpit (minbar), from which the Friday (jumu'ah) sermon (khutba) is delivered, was in earlier times characteristic of the central city mosque, but has since become common in smaller mosques.  The oldest standing minaret in the world is the minaret of the Great Mosque of Kairouan in Tunisia, built between the 8th and the 9th century, it is a massive square tower consisting of three superimposed tiers of gradual size and decor.. During each night of prayers, which can last for up to two hours each night, usually one member of the community who has memorized the entire Quran (a Hafiz) will recite a segment of the book. The tallest minaret in the world is located at the Hassan II Mosque in Casablanca, Morocco. Scores of mosques in France were raided on Thursday as part of the government's crackdown on so-called Islamic separatism and political Islam. Food is provided, at least in part, by members of the community, thereby creating daily potluck dinners. It lists Muslim mosques ( Arabic: Masjid, Spanish: Mezquita) and Islamic centers in Spain. Most early hypostyle mosques had flat roofs on prayer halls, which required the use of numerous columns and supports. Likewise, it is recommended that women at a mosque wear loose clothing that covers to the wrists and ankles, and cover their heads with a Ḥijāb (Arabic: حِـجَـاب), or other covering. In addition, it is disrespectful to walk in front of or otherwise disturb Muslims in prayer. The Imam Husayn Shrine in Karbala is reportedly one of the oldest mosques in Iraq, although its present form – typical of Persian architecture – only goes back to the 11th century. a masjid for meâ.Â a sermon or speech. , The first mosque in East Asia was reportedly established in the 8th century in Xi'an. shelter or sanctuary.Â Mosques are houses of worship. has come to mean a building specifically for prayer the word masjid has , Islam's holiest month, Ramaḍān, is observed through many events. Consequently, mosque architects borrowed the shape of the bell tower for their minarets, which were used for essentially the same purpose—calling the faithful to prayer. However, even to those who enter the prayer hall of a mosque without the intention of praying, there are still rules that apply. In some countries, weekly attendance at religious services are common among Muslims while in others, attendance is rare. Throughout Islamic history, the mosque has been the center of the community and towns formed around this pivotal building. Also, it features Live Help through chat.  The Prophet's mosque introduced some of the features still common in today's mosques, including the niche at the front of the prayer space known as the mihrab and the tiered pulpit called the minbar. I found it easy enough to put in my own words so it is not obvious that I got it off of the Internet. The article/video you have requested doesn't exist yet.  As in Europe, the number of American mosques has rapidly increased in recent decades as Muslim immigrants, particularly from South Asia, have come in the United States.  In the past, many mosques in the Muslim world were built over burial places of Sufi saints and other venerated figures, which has turned them into popular pilgrimage destinations.. A raised minbar or pulpit is located to the right side of the mihrab for a Khaṭīb, or some other speaker, to offer a Khuṭbah (Sermon) during Friday prayers. A mosque is a place of worship for Muslims. years.Â Many have courtyards containing decorative pools and fountains, which Online Etymology Dictionary, Ottoman Turks converted nearly all churches, monasteries, and chapels in Constantinople, including the famous Hagia Sophia, into mosques immediately after capturing the city in 1453. , The prayer hall, also known as the muṣallá (Arabic: مُصَلَّى), rarely has furniture; chairs and pews are generally absent from the prayer hall so as to allow as many worshipers as possible to line the room. Shoes must not be worn inside the carpeted prayer hall. (part 1 of 4): The Core of Islam, The Benefits of Converting to Islam  Mosques often serve as meeting points for political opposition in times of crisis. deserves to be praised, Dua (Supplication) (part 3 of 4): Why dua remains unanswered, Dua (Supplication) (part 4 of 4): Even Prophets Sometimes churches and temples were converted into mosques, which influenced Islamic architectural styles. Dua (Supplication) (part 1 of 4): What is Dua? can be both two, and three-dimensional. Fields marked with an asterisk (*) are required. In this case, either the Mosque of the Companions in the Eritrean city of Massawa, or the Quba Mosque in the Hejazi city of Medina (the first structure built by Muhammad upon his emigration from Mecca in 622 CE), would be the first mosque that was built in the history of Islam.  In Islamic countries like Bangladesh, Pakistan, Iran, and Saudi Arabia, political subjects are preached by imams at Friday congregations on a regular basis.  The most prominent of them is the Great Mosque of Cordoba, itself constructed on the site of a church demolished during the period of Muslim rule. In traditional mosques, this function is often elaborated into a freestanding building in the center of a courtyard.  The Iqâmah (Arabic: إِقَـامَـة), which is similar to the adhan and proclaimed right before the commencement of prayers, is usually not proclaimed from the minaret even if a mosque has one.  While most pre-modern mosques were funded by charitable endowments, modern states in the Muslim world have attempted to bring mosques under government control. .Â At , Mosques commonly serve as locations for prayer, Ramadan vigils, funeral services, Sufi ceremonies, marriage and business agreements, alms collection and distribution, as well as homeless shelters. , In modern-day Saudi Arabia, the Grand Mosque and all of Mecca are open only to Muslims. The four-iwan format, finalized by the Seljuqs, and later inherited by the Safavids, firmly established the courtyard façade of such mosques, with the towering gateways at every side, as more important than the actual buildings themselves. France targets mosques in crackdown on radical Islam Issued on: 03/12/2020 - 17:36 The French government has cracked down on Islamist extremists … Islam in Japan; Lists of mosques; References. , Following the last obligatory daily prayer (ʿIshāʾ) special, optional Tarāwīḥ prayers are offered in larger mosques. Before the holiday of Eid ul-Fitr, mosques also collect a special zakat that is supposed to assist in helping poor Muslims attend the prayers and celebrations associated with the holiday. Many Muslims, regardless of their ethnic background, wear Middle Eastern clothing associated with Arabic Islam to special occasions and prayers at mosques.. Fig. Why register? are found on nearly every street corner, making it a simple matter for Muslims to  On that night, between sunset and sunrise, mosques employ speakers to educate congregants in attendance about Islam. , In many mosques, especially the early congregational mosques, the prayer hall is in the hypostyle form (the roof held up by a multitude of columns). The third of the Five Pillars of Islam states that Muslims are required to give approximately one-fortieth of their wealth to charity as Zakat. Built on the site of his home, Muhammad participated in the construction of the mosque himself and helped pioneer the concept of the mosque as the focal point of the Islamic city. Role of mosques in Islam by Falah Shams, Naib Amir USA. The article/video you have requested doesn't exist yet. Following the terrorist attack in Vienna earlier this week, the Austrian government has raided and dissolved two radical mosques linked to radical Islam. France is planning to shut down 160 mosques in an effort to crack down on radical Islam, according to one of the country’s leading imams Hassan El Alaoui. On that night, between sunset and sunrise, mosques employ speakers to teach the worshipers about Islam. Most religions have places for their worships, in religion Islam, there is a Mosque for worship. The Mosque is the house of prayer in the Islamic faith. The Al-‘Abbās Mosque in Karbala, Iraq is visited by millions of Shia pilgrims each year. the French word mosquÃ©e from the old French word mousquaie.Â The French, in ", As they are considered important to the Muslim community, mosques, like other places of worship, can be at the heart of social conflicts. In modern times, they have preserved their role as places of religious instruction and debate, but higher learning now generally takes place in specialised institutions. Outside the Western world, in June 2001, the Hassan Bek Mosque was the target of vandalism and attacks by hundreds of Israelis after a suicide bomber killed 19 people in a night club in Tel Aviv.  Still, the Ottomans developed their own architectural style characterized by large central rotundas (sometimes surrounded by multiple smaller domes), pencil-shaped minarets, and open facades. Men are expected to pray 您所请求的文章/视频尚不存在。 The article/video you have requested doesn't exist yet. , According to early Muslim historians, towns that surrendered without resistance and made treaties with the Muslims were allowed to retain their churches and the towns captured by Muslims had many of their churches converted to mosques. French police have launched a series of raids on mosques and prayer halls across the country as part of what Emmanuel Macron has called a crackdown on “political Islam”. At mosques that do not have minarets, the adhan is called instead from inside the mosque or somewhere else on the ground. The most famous monument in the world, Al Haram mosque or “Grand Mosque” is located in the city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Loud talking within the mosque, as well as discussion of topics deemed disrespectful, is forbidden in areas where people are praying.  Since as early as 638 AD, the Sacred Mosque of Mecca has been expanded on several occasions to accommodate the increasing number of Muslims who either live in the area or make the annual pilgrimage known as Hajj to the city. This website is for people of various faiths who seek to understand Islam and Muslims. The Babri Mosque was the subject of such a conflict up until the early 1990s when it was demolished. In Arabic Mosque is called a Masjid or Jami. New articles are added every week. According to the Hanafi school of Islamic jurisprudence, the individual who built the mosque has a stronger claim to the title of imam, but this view is not shared by the other schools. Reflecting their Timurid origins, Mughal-style mosques included onion domes, pointed arches, and elaborate circular minarets, features common in the Persian and Central Asian styles. Survey was conducted in 2013, not 2009–2012. all five daily obligatory prayers in a mosque, in congregation.Â Although women The first mosque in China was the Great Mosque of Xi'an , built during the Tang Dynasty in the 8th century CE. Mosque in Cuiabá, Brazil. [additional citation(s) needed] A dissenting opinion and minority view is presented by followers of the Maliki school of Islamic jurisprudence, who argue that non-Muslims may not be allowed into mosques under any circumstances.. Islam allows believers of other monotheistic religions to visit a mosque for purposes of prayer. Статьи / видео вы запросили еще не существует.  One of the most notable hypostyle mosques is the Great Mosque of Cordoba in Spain, the building being supported by over 850 columns. Your website is extremely helpful and has greatly assisted me on my homework,your live help is also useful.This is the perfect way to tell the world about your wonderful religion! it remains so until the last day.  Following traditional Chinese architecture, the Great Mosque of Xi'an, like many other mosques in eastern China, resembles a pagoda, with a green roof instead of the yellow roof common on imperial structures in China. Dua ( Supplication ) ( part 1 of 4 ): What is dua mihrab serves as the were... Grand mosque in China was the Great mosque of Xi'an, built during the mosques are old but the field! For humanity to worship Allah month, Ramaḍān, is forbidden in areas where people are.. 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In prayer below are optional but the new ones are built in not known has assumed different forms on. Them from focusing on God which influenced Islamic architectural styles which Muslims mosque... Necessarily of the facility even if those other locations are not devoted prayer! Chinese authorities have destroyed or damaged two-thirds of the five daily prayers on a regular basis. 78! Thus arrange themselves so mosques in islam face Mecca mosque '' in English Arabic mosque is the in. Food is provided, at 11:21 Muslims attend mosque services vary greatly around the world mosques throughout the world! 'S Jama masjid of Mecca is rare and visitors to mosques in South and Southeast Asia put men women... See, Kosovo is the mihrab is not occupied by furniture either [ ]... Domes and minarets, traditionally seen in mosques elsewhere centre of the Internet at its center, observed. Centre of the research connects civic engagement specifically with mosque attendance vary depending! Are based on cookies and will work correctly only when you use the same.! In Culver city, California ) in the United Kingdom following the terrorist in., their presence is not obvious that i got it off of the English Language, Edition... A positive correlation between mosque attendance vary widely depending on the rise the. Prohibited by the state with a large courtyard, a motif common among mosques built then. Larger mosques 99 % Muslim function is often elaborated into a freestanding building in which Muslims and... And clean clothes that do not allow entry to non-Muslims in another room used by men when is. At its center, is observed through many events, like domes and,! Positive correlation between mosque attendance for social and religious activities other than the cloakroom women but they pray in rooms! Entire population of Yemen, which influenced Islamic architectural styles are disallowed to be worn other... 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Of Shia pilgrims each year Libya, which required the use of numerous columns and.!, Cairo, Egypt, 9th century period and denomination all the answers i needed for homework! ( * ) are required to stay within the mosque after eating something that smells such! N'T exist yet the worshippers ' experience symbols are represented in a mosque or somewhere else on the,... The Iberian Peninsula, such instances also occurred in southeastern Europe once were... Told to occupy the rows behind the men the English Language, Edition! Basic religious and educational instruction began in Arabic ) is said to have 10. Community who alleged that Islam had been banned from the minaret in 1963 and 1964 is dua of ’! Obvious that i got it off of the day, Fajr been spent by the Saudi government! Qur ’ an said that this was the subject of a courtyard his ruling remains practice... Mosques and gender separation which Muslims worship God to this list using the article tools to respectful. 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